How to avoid mosquito bites and prevent malaria infections

Although, malaria mortality rates have fallen

by 42% globally and 49% in Africa, this life-

threatening disease needs to be watched and

treated in time.

According to the World Health Organisation

(WHO) latest estimates, released in December

2013, there were about 207 million cases of

malaria in 2012 and an estimated 627000

deaths, mainly children under 5 years of age

in sub-Saharan Africa.

Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites

that are transmitted to people through the

bites of infected mosquitoes.

World Malaria Day (WMD) is observed on April

25 every year to highlight the need for

continued investment and sustained political

commitment for malaria prevention and control.

Malaria is a curable and preventable, but can

be deadly if left untreated.

Preventive measures include:

Avoid mosquitoes bites: This is the first and

foremost line of defence for malaria

prevention. You can avoid mosquito bites by

following these guidelines such as by – using a

mosquito net while sleeping, wearing

protective clothing (long sleeved-shirts and

long pants), spraying your home with

insecticide, staying inside between dusk and

dawn if possible. Also insect repellent with

DEET can be used on skin.

Medicines: If you're travelling to a region

where malaria is common, you should take

precautions so that you do not contract it.

Tell your doctor which location you will be

travelling so that he can prescribe you the

right medicine depending on the type of

malaria parasite most commonly found in that

region. Take the medication as prescribed by

your doctor – before, during and after your

trip to avoid getting malaria.

Vaccines: As of now, there are no licensed

vaccines against malaria or any other human

parasite even as scientists are working on

developing effective vaccines against the disease.

Compiled by: Salome Phelamei

Kofi Oppong Kyekyeku

I am a Ghanaian Broadcast Journalist/Writer who has an interest in General News, Sports, Entertainment, Health, Lifestyle and many more.

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